The Journal  of  Human Sciences

2001, Vollume 1, Issue 1 p. 44-49

Leila Khuskivadze

The Role of Georgia  in the Formation and Development of the Enamel Art of the Middle Ages


      Its considered that the earliest monuments (VIII-IX c.) of Georgian plique-à-jour are among the first examples of anthropomorphic enamel culture.This state of effairs should not, however, prevent us from examining whether indeed this art is of purely Georgian origin, and consider that the Byzantine its offspung, as proposed by Daniel Tour. Its difficult to agree with him that the jug of St Morris (VIII-IX c.) is of Georgian origin, as stylistically it does not correspond with the main features of Georgian enamel art of that period, but rather corresponds to the Iranian traditions.
      It should be borne in mind that David Bakton tried to connect the beginning of the change from the Vollschmelz (entire enamelling) into the Senkschmelz (drowned enamelling) process with specific objects, mostly either Georgian (the creator’s  quadrifolium of Shemokmedi, 954) or Byzantine (bowl of Romanoz from San Marko, staphrotec of Limburg, about 960).
      It would be an exaggeration to ascribe the formation and development of the plique-à-jour of the Middle Ages to Georgia alone, although it probably played the major part. But the great culture of the East, and quite different types of art, also influenced it.